Composting and Recycling


A significant fraction of the solid waste generated in the United States is organic material that can be recycled through small scale composting. Compost is a dark, crumbly, and earthy-smelling form of decomposing organic matter. There are many advantages to this strategy of waste management. Households, businesses and institutions may save money by composting items such as food scraps and yard trimmings while sending less waste to landfills and incinerators. In addition, small scale composting is often the most environmentally sound way of recycling organic materials. The finished compost is a good soil amendment for a variety of gardening and landscape uses.

If you have a garden, a lawn, trees, shrubs, or even planter boxes, you have a use for compost. By using compost, you return organic matter to the soil in a usable form. Organic matter in the soil improves plant growth by helping to break up heavy clay soils and improving their structure, by adding water and nutrient-holding capacity to sandy soils, and by adding essential nutrients to any soil. Improving your soil is the first step toward improving the health of your plants. Healthy plants help clean our air and conserve our soil, making our communities healthier places in which to live.

For More Information on Small Scale Composting

CCEDC Horticulture Diagnostic Lab – Contact the lab at 845-677-5067 (9:00am-12:00pm).

Composting Guides – review numerous “how to” composting guides and materials from Cornell University.


Every year, American people throw away 208 million tons of municipal solid waste, which means that every day each person throws away an average of 4.3 pounds of garbage or trash! In order to keep our landfills from getting too full, everyone should be aware of the…



Use Less of Everything…cut down on the use of plastics, carry a re-usable bottle instead of buying plastic water bottles.


If you need to use something, re-use it again (plastic bags). Donate your old clothes to charity so others can use them.

Recycling Resources

To learn more about recycling, including composting and household hazardous waste disposal, please visit the Dutchess County Resource Recovery Agency (DCRRA).

The New York State Solid Waste Management Act of 1988 requires all municipalities to have mandatory source separation (recycling) programs in place, and requires all County residents and businesses to separate certain items for recycling.

Find the transfer station or recycling location in your municipality